Section 14-1 Definitions.


    The following words and phrases, when used in this chapter, shall have the meanings respectively ascribed:

    Abandoned property.  Any unattended motor vehicle, trailer or all-terrain vehicle removed or subject to removal from public or private property as provided by this chapter, whether or not operational.

    Alley or alleyway. Any public roadway which affords only a secondary means of access to the abutting property.

    Authorized emergency vehicle. A vehicle publicly owned and operated as an ambulance, or a vehicle publicly owned and operated by the state highway patrol, police or fire department, sheriff or constable or deputy sheriff, traffic officer or any privately owned vehicle operated as an ambulance when responding to emergency calls.

    Business district. The territory contiguous to and including a highway when within any six hundred (600) feet along the highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including, but not limited to, hotels, banks or office buildings, railroad stations and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred (300) feet of frontage on one side or three hundred (300) feet collectively on both sides of the highway.

    Campus area.  An area bounded by the south right of way line of Locust Street, the east right of way line of Providence Road, the north right of way line of Stadium Boulevard and the west right of way line of College Avenue.

    Central business  district. A ll streets and portions of streets within the area described as: being bounded on the north by Park Avenue; on the south by Elm Street; on the west by Garth Avenue; and on the east by College Avenue.

    Commercial motor vehicle. A motor vehicle designed or regularly used for carrying freight and merchandise or more than eight (8) passengers but not including van pools or shuttle buses.

    Controlled access highway. Every highway, street or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over the highway, street or roadway.

    Cross walk:

    (1)    That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs, or in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway.

    (2)    Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.

    Curb loading zone. A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or materials.

    Cycle. As defined in section 14-491 of this chapter.

    Driver. Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.

    Highway. The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained, or the entire area ordinarily used for vehicular traffic or parking in municipal parking lots, when any part thereof is open to the uses of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.

    Holiday. For the purpose of this chapter, holidays shall be New Year's, Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial, Independence, Labor, Veterans’, Thanksgiving and Christmas Days.

Intersection:

    (1)    The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two (2) highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.

    (2)    Where a highway includes two (2) roadways thirty (30) feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as separate intersections. In the event such intersecting highway also includes two (2) roadways thirty (30) feet or more apart, then every crossing of the two (2) roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection.

    Laned roadway. A roadway which is divided into two (2) or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.

    Local commercial motor vehicle. A commercial motor vehicle whose operations are confined solely to a municipality and that area extending not more than twenty-five (25) miles therefrom.

    Mobile food vendor. A self-contained food service operation, located in a wheeled motor vehicle or trailer, used to store, prepare, display or serve food intended for individual portion service.

    Motor vehicle. Any self-propelled vehicle not operated exclusively upon tracks, except farm tractors.

    Motorcycle. A motor vehicle operated on two (2) wheels.

    Motortricycle. A motor vehicle operated on three (3) wheels, including a motorcycle while operated with any conveyance, temporary or otherwise, requiring the use of a third wheel.

    Official time standard. Whenever certain hours are named herein, they shall mean standard time or daylight savings time, as may be in current use in the city.

    Official traffic control devices. All signs, signals, markings and devices not inconsistent with this chapter, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.

    Owner. Any person who owns or holds legal title to a vehicle, either individually or jointly with others, or in whose name such vehicle is registered or licensed, either individually or jointly with others, according to the records of any city, county or state, but shall not include persons holding only a security interest in such vehicle unless such persons have possession and control of such vehicle.

    Park or parking. The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading merchandise or passengers.

    Parking meter. A device for the purpose of measuring time elapsed since the deposit of a coin in the slot provided, and equipped with a mechanism to indicate the legal time a vehicle may remain parked in a designated place.

    Parking meter district. All streets and portions of streets within an area where parking meters are erected and maintained by authority of the city council.

    Parking meter hood. Cover placed on parking meters by authority of the police department or city traffic engineer.

    Parking meter space. That portion of the street bounded by lines or marks on the curb, or on the street, above or alongside each parking meter to designate the parking space for which each meter is to be used.

    Passenger curb loading zone. A place adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers.

    Pedestrian. The term pedestrian shall include a person on foot, a person walking a bicycle and a person operating a manual or electric wheelchair.

    Police officer. Every officer of the municipal police department or any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.

    Private road or driveway. Every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons.

    Railroad. A carrier of persons or property upon cars, other than streetc.ars, operated upon stationary rails.

    Railroad train. A steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails, except streetc.ars.

    Residence district. The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district, when the property on such highway, for a distance of three hundred (300) feet or more, is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.

    Right-of-way. The right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other.

    Roadway. That portion of a highway, including the entire area of municipal parking lots, that is improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. In the event a highway includes two (2) or more separate roadways, the term "roadway," as used herein, shall refer to any such roadway separately, but not to all such roadways collectively.

    Safety zone. The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times, while set apart as a safety zone.

    Sidewalk. That portion of a street between the curblines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for use of pedestrians.

    Stand or standing. The halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.

    State highway. A highway maintained by the State of Missouri as a part of the state highway system.

    Stop. When required, complete cessation from movement.

    Stop or stopping. When prohibited, any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic control signs or signal.

    Street or highway. The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained, or the entire area ordinarily used for vehicular traffic or parking in municipal parking lots, when any part thereof is open to the uses of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.

    Through highway. Every highway or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic is given preferential right-of-way, and at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to yield the right-of-way to vehicles on such through highway in obedience to either a stop sign or a yield sign, when such signs are erected as provided in this chapter.

    Through truck traffic. Truck traffic which is not en route to a destination on the street on which it is travelling.

    Tractor or truck tractor. A self-propelled motor vehicle designed for drawing other vehicles but not for the carriage of any load when operating independently. When attached to a semitrailer, it supports a part of the weight thereof.

    Traffic. Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetc.ars and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel.

    Traffic control signal. Any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.

    Traffic division. The traffic division of the police department of the city, or in the event traffic division is not established, then such term whenever used herein shall be deemed to refer to the police department of the city.

    Trailer. Any vehicle without motive power designed for carrying property or passengers on its own structure and for being drawn by self-propelled vehicle, except those running exclusively on trucks, including a semi-trailer or vehicle of the trailer type so designed and used in conjunction with a self-propelled vehicle that a considerable part of its own weight rests upon and is carried by the towing vehicle.

    Trucks. All motor vehicles designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of property.

    University of Missouri campus. All streets and portions of streets within the area described as: being contained within an area enclosed by a boundary beginning at the intersection of Stewart Road and Providence Road; thence east on Stewart Road to Fifth Street; thence north on Fifth Street to Elm Street; thence east on Elm Street to Hitt Street; thence south on Hitt Street to Paquin Street; thence east on Paquin Street to College Avenue; thence south on College Avenue to Missouri Highway 740; thence west on Missouri Highway 740 to Providence Road; and thence north on Providence Road to the starting point at Stewart Road.

    The streets and portions of streets which form the boundaries of the campus area shall be considered as without the University of Missouri campus for the purposes of section 14-223(b)(2)c.

    Vehicle. Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.

(Code 1964, § 12.010; Ord. of 12-20-82; Ord. No. 10811, § 1, 12-2-85; Ord. No. 14252 § 1, 10-17-94; Ord. No. 14598, § 1, 8-21-95; Ord. No. 16077, § 1, 7-6-99; Ord. No. 17011, § 1, 9-17-01; Ord. No. 19360, § 1, 1-2-07; Ord. No. 22045, § 1, 4-21-14)

    Cross reference(s)--Definitions and rules of construction generally, § 1-2.

    State law reference(s)--Similar provisions, RSMo. § 300.010.


(Ord. 22045, Amended, 04/21/2014, Prior Text; Ord. 19360, Amended, 01/02/2007, Prior Text; Ord. 17011, Amended, 09/17/2001, Prior Text; Ord. 16077, Amended, 07/06/1999, Prior Text)