Chapter 16 OFFENSES AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS*
Section 16-113 Private person's use of force in making an arrest.
(a) A private person who has been directed by a person he
reasonably believes to be a law
enforcement officer to assist such officer to effect an arrest or to prevent escape from custody
may, subject to the limitations of paragraph (c) of this section, use physical force when and to the
extent that he reasonably believes such to be necessary to carry out such officer's direction unless
he knows or believes that the arrest or prospective arrest is not or was not authorized.
(b) A private person acting on his own account may, subject
to the limitations of paragraph (c)
of this section, use physical force to effect arrest or prevent escape only when and to the extent
such is immediately necessary to effect the arrest, or to prevent escape from custody, of a person
whom he reasonably believes to have committed a crime and who in fact has committed such
(c) A private person in effecting an arrest or in preventing
an escape from custody is not
justified in using deadly force unless the use of deadly force is authorized under state or federal
(d) The defendant shall have the burden of injecting the
issue of justification under this
(Code 1964, § 7.670)
State law reference(s)--Similar provisions, RSMo. § 563.051.