Prior to the adoption of 16798 on 03/05/2001, Section 29-30 read as follows.


    (a) General Requirements.

    (1)    Except in district C-2, all buildings hereafter erected, constructed, reconstructed, or altered shall be provided with off-street parking spaces, either in the form of parking garages or open parking areas for the parking of motor passenger vehicles, as listed below.

    (2)    In a residential district, no garage other than a private garage shall be located nearer than sixty (60) feet to the front lot line. Required parking spaces may be tandem to serve one- and two-family dwellings only; provided that the parking space is adjacent and parallel to the driveway serving the space required behind the building line and only one parking space per dwelling unit is allowed in the required front yard or on the required side yard on the street side of a corner lot. Parking spaces for all other uses in residential districts shall not be located in the required front yard.

    (3)    No motor vehicle shall be parked in the yard area of a one-family or two-family dwelling, multiple-family apartment, court apartment, group dwelling, sorority or fraternity house, dormitory, cooperative house, or rooming, boarding, or lodging house, other than in a parking area or driveway as defined by and under the provisions of this chapter, provided that such parking shall be allowed on property with a valid temporary permit issued by the director of public works under subsection (a)(4).

        a.    If any vehicle is found in violation of this provision and the driver thereof is not present, the owner or person in whose name such vehicle is registered in the records of the city, county or state, shall be responsible for such violation when such vehicle was being used with permission. Proof of the ownership, as aforesaid, shall be prima facie evidence that such vehicle with absent driver was being operated with the permission of the owner.

        b.    In addition, the owner or general agent of the building or premises where a violation of this provision exists, or the lessees or tenants of an entire building or entire premises where such violation has been committed or shall exist, shall be responsible for such violation, when such person knows of such violation or has been served with an order to remove any such violation and after five (5) days following service of such order has failed to remove any such violation, or allows any violation of this provision to exist.

        c.    Any person found in violation of this provision shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars ($100.00) or by imprisonment of not more than thirty (30) days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

    (4)    The director of public works may issue temporary permits to the owner or authorized agent of the owner to allow parking of motor vehicles in a yard area as prohibited in subsection (a)(3), subject to the following terms and conditions:

        a.    Such permit shall be issued for a period deemed appropriate by the director of public works, not to exceed forty-eight (48) hours.

        b.    No such permit may be issued for parking in the yard area of a one-family or two-family dwelling.

        c.    Such permits may be issued only for Saturdays, Sundays or holidays.

        d.    Such permit shall only be issued on a finding by the director of public works that such permit is necessary for an event which is of city or area-wide concern and where such event will attract traffic which cannot be effectively served by existing accessible parking facilities.

    (b) Residential Parking Requirements:

    (1)    One-family, multiple-family apartments, and group dwellings--Two (2) parking spaces per dwelling unit.

    (2)    Two-family dwellings--Two (2) parking spaces per dwelling unit for dwelling units having up to two (2) bedrooms; three (3) parking spaces per dwelling unit for dwelling units of three (3) or more bedrooms.

    (3)    Fraternity houses, sorority houses, dormitories, cooperative houses, rooming, boarding, or lodging houses--One parking space per every two (2) occupants the building is ultimately designed to accommodate.

     (c) Commercial Parking Requirements:

    (1)    Hotels--One parking space per each two (2) guest rooms or suites.

    (2)    Motels--One parking space for each dwelling unit, plus five (5) parking spaces.

    (3)    Philanthropic or eleemosynary institutions, other than penal or correctional; private clubs, or fraternal orders, other than those whose chief activity is a service customarily carried on as a business--One parking space for each four hundred (400) square feet of floor area.

    (4)    Hospitals and sanitariums--One parking space for each two (2) beds for the first two hundred (200) beds, and one parking space for each four (4) additional beds.

    (5)    Clinics--One parking space for each two hundred (200) square feet of usable or rentable space.

    (6)    Office buildings--One parking space for each two hundred (200) square feet of usable or rentable space.

    (7)    Schools:

        a.    Elementary--One parking space for each ultimate employee station.

        b.    Junior high--One parking space for each ultimate employee station, plus one for each fifteen (15) seats in an appurtenant stadium or gymnasium, whichever has greater capacity.

        c.    Senior high--One parking space for each ultimate employee station, plus one parking space for each five (5) seats in an appurtenant stadium or gymnasium, whichever has the greater capacity.

        d.    In all above cases, parking shall be located on school grounds or within three hundred (300) feet thereof, except elementary schools, where parking shall be located on the school grounds.

        e.    Colleges or universities:

            1.    Classroom buildings--One parking space for each teacher station, plus one parking space for each ten (10) teacher stations.

            2.    Administrative or service buildings--One parking space for each employee station.

            3.    Dormitories where students are not permitted autos--The director of public works may reduce requirements for dormitories by not more than twenty percent (20%) during such periods students are not permitted autos. Such reduction is not to grant any nonconforming use rights.

        f.    All other schools--One parking space for each employee station, plus one parking space for each five (5) students, except nursery schools, which shall have one parking space for each employee or teacher station.

    (8)    Golf courses, except miniature golf courses and driving ranges--Fifty (50) parking spaces for each nine (9) holes.

    (9)    Churches, mosques, synagogues, theaters, auditoriums, stadiums, and other similar places of public assembly--One parking space for every five (5) seats.

    (10)    Commercial retail sales businesses--One parking space for every one hundred fifty (150) square feet.

    (11)    Commercial service businesses, including banks--One parking space for every three hundred (300) square feet.

    (12)    Commercial wholesale businesses, excluding warehouse facilities--One parking space for every three hundred (300) square feet.

    (13)    Swimming pools, skating rinks, miniature golf courses, golf driving ranges, dance halls, beer gardens, shooting galleries, and all other similar recreational activities and buildings--One parking space for each one hundred (100) square feet.

    (14)    Family day care and similar uses--One parking space for each ten (10) children cared for shall be installed in addition to other parking requirements established in this section. Where fewer than ten (10) children are cared for, one additional parking space shall be required.

    (15)    Self-service storage facility--One space for each two thousand (2,000) square feet of gross building area, plus two (2) spaces for an on-site manager. One additional space shall be provided for each additional employee.

    (16)    Restaurants--One parking space for every one hundred (100) square feet.

    (d) Industrial parking requirements.

    (1)    Warehouse facilities and buildings. Open parking space for every two thousand (2,000) square feet of floor area.

    (2)    Manufacturing or industrial businesses, or businesses engaged in the production of goods or products. One (1) parking space for the sum of each employee on the two (2) largest consecutive shifts, plus one (1) parking space for each vehicle used in the conduct of the business; or one (1) parking space for each six hundred (600) square feet of floor area, whichever requirement is greater.

    (e) Other parking requirements. For any and all uses or structures not specifically provided for in the foregoing enumeration, such parking space as the director of public works shall determine necessary, considering all the parking-generating factors involved, but not less than five (5) spaces.

    (f) Mixed uses. In mixed uses, the parking facilities required shall be the sum of the requirements for the various individual uses, computed separately in accordance with this section. Parking facilities for one use shall not be considered as providing the required parking facilities for any other use.

    (g) Location of facilities. Except as otherwise provided in this section, off-street automobile parking facilities required by this section may be located either on the premises of the parking generator or within one thousand (1,000) feet therefrom on lands zoned for business or industry. Land used for parking shall be zoned to accommodate the generating use.

    (h) Improvement of parking areas. All open parking areas shall have:

    (1)    Setback. No parking shall be permitted within six (6) feet of an adjoining lot in a residential district, except as otherwise provided by this chapter.

    (2)    Grades and drainage. Parking areas shall be designed to assure positive drainage, but shall not exceed a slope of ten (10) per cent; provided that transitional and approach driveways which do not serve directly abutting parking spaces may be designed to a slope of up to fifteen (15) per cent, if accompanied by appropriate landing grades and vertical curves at points of transition. Storm drainage control and facilities shall be designed to satisfy the requirements of the storm drainage standards of the city.

    (3)    Access. Ingress and egress shall be only by way of paved driveways or openings, according to standards on file with the director of public works. All parking areas of more than two hundred (200) spaces shall be served by more than one standard entrance.

    (4)    Paving, curbs and marking:

        a.    All open parking areas shall be surfaced with a permanent, dust-free pavement.

        b.    Curb islands or wheel stops may be installed for drainage control, and for vehicular channelization and lane control; provided, that in parking areas of more than one hundred (100) spaces, curbing or similar measures shall be required to assure safe and proper control of vehicular and pedestrian movements.

        c.    Interior driveways, fire lanes, and loading or maneuvering areas shall be in accord with applicable standards on file with the director of public works. Parking spaces shall be delineated, and appropriate traffic flow indications given, by use of reflectorized paint on the parking area pavement.

        d.    All paving, curbs and markings shall be continuously maintained in good condition, to the above standards, after installation.

    (5)    Lighting. Lighting shall be required for all parking areas intended for night use. Lights shall be arranged or shielded to direct illumination away from residences and from public streets.

    (6)    Certification. Prior to authorizing use of any parking area established under this section, or issuance of occupancy certificates for any uses dependent thereon, the director of public works, or his representative, shall inspect and certify the parking area to be in compliance with these standards. He may, at his discretion, obtain the advice of the city's landscape gardener as to compliance with the landscaping requirements of this section.

    (7)    Exceptions. Driveways and off-street parking for one-family and two-family dwellings in districts R-1 and R-2 shall not be required to comply with the provisions of subsections (h)(1), (h)(2), (h)(4)c, and (h)(5) hereof.

    (i) Loading space for business and industry. Any business or industrial building, hospital, institution or hotel hereafter erected, constructed, reconstructed or altered in any district shall provide adequate off-street facilities for the loading and unloading of merchandise and goods within or adjacent to the building in such a manner as not to obstruct freedom of traffic movement on the public streets or alleys.

(Code 1964, § 19.250; Ord. No. 9958, § 1, 10-3-83; Ord. No. 11702, § 1, 12-7-87; Ord. No. 13058, § 1, 8-19-91; Ord. No. 13416, § 1, 8-17-92; Ord. No. 13543, § 1, 12-21-92; Ord. No. 13622, § 1, 3-15-93; Ord. No. 14164, § 1, 8-1-94; Ord. No. 15134, § 1, 2-3-97)