Prior to the adoption of 15629 on 06/01/1998, Section 6-72 read as follows.


    The following sections of the BOCA National Property Maintenance Code adopted in section 6-71 are hereby repealed, amended or modified as follows:

PM-101.1 Title: These regulations shall be known as the Property Maintenance Code of Columbia, Missouri, hereinafter referred to as "this code."

PM-101.4 Referenced Standards: The standards referenced in this code and listed in Chapter 8 shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference. (Other codes shall not apply except individual regulations of such other codes that are specifically incorporated by reference into this code.) Where differences occur between provisions of this code and referenced standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.

PM-105.3.1 Search warrant:

    (a)    If a complaint in writing is filed by the code official with the judge of the municipal court of the city, stating that there is probable cause to believe that a certain structure or premises, more
particularly described therein, is or may be in violation of this code and is within the territorial jurisdiction of the city, and if such complaint is verified by the oath or affirmation stating evidential facts from which such judge determines the existence of probable cause, then such judge shall issue a search warrant directed to the code official commanding the code official to search the structure or premises therein described. Such search warrant may be executed and returned only within ten (10) days after the date of its issuance. The code official shall make a return promptly after concluding the search, and such return shall contain an itemization of all violations of this code discovered pursuant to such search.

    (b)    The relief afforded the code official by this section shall not be available to the code official unless the code official shall first have been reused access to the dwelling, building or premises concerning which the search warrant is sought.

    (c)    The refusal to admit the code official to a structure or premises when the code official is in lawful possession of a search warrant commanding the code official to enter therein is hereby declared to be a misdemeanor.

PM-105.9 Restriction of Employees: An official or employee connected with the enforcement of this code, except one whose only connection is that of a member of the Building Construction Codes Commission established under the provisions of Section 121.0 of the BOCA National Building Code/1996 as amended by section 6-17, shall not be engaged in, or directly or indirectly connected with, the furnishing of labor, materials or appliances for the construction, alteration or maintenance of a building, or the preparation of construction documents thereof, unless that person is the owner of the building; nor shall such officer or employee engage in any work that conflicts with official duties or with the interests of the department.

PM-105.10 Relief From Personal Responsibility: The code official, officer or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction, shall not thereby be rendered liable personally, and is hereby relieved from all personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of any act required or permitted in the discharge of official duties. Any suit instituted against an officer or employee because of an act performed by that officer or employee in the lawful discharge of duties and under the provisions of this code shall be defended by the legal representative of the jurisdiction until the final termination of the proceedings. The code official or any subordinate shall not be liable for costs in any action, suit or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code; and any officer of the protective inspection division, acting in good faith and without malice, shall be free from liability for acts performed under any of its provisions or by reason of any act or omission in the performance of official duties in connection therewith.

PM-106.2 Penalty for Noncompliance or Delay.

    (a)    Any person who shall violate any provision of this code shall upon conviction be subject to a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25.00) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500.00); provided however, that each day that a violation continues shall be deemed a separate offense.

    (b)    Any person who shall fall to comply with a notice of violation given under PM-107.1 or order under PM-107.7 or order under PM-107.10 shall upon conviction be subject to a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25.00) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500.00); provided, however, that in those cases involving failure to comply with a notice of violation given under PM- 107.1, every day that a violation continues after the expiration of the reasonable period of time for the completion of the work specified by the director shall be deemed a separate offense; and provided that every day that a violation continues in violation of an order under PM-107.7 or PM- 107.10 shall be deemed a separate offense.

PM-107.1 Notice of Violation:

    (a)    Whenever the code official determines a structure to be a structure unfit for human occupancy or dangerous building, notice shall be given to the owner, occupant, lessee, mortgagee, agent and all other persons having an interest in the structure or premises as shown by the land records of the county recorder of deeds who shall be parties to the action. Such notice shall be in writing and shall:

        (1)    Include a description of the property sufficient for identification;

        (2)    Specify the violations of this code constituting a public nuisance;

        (3)    Specify if the property or any part of it is to be totally or partially vacated, and, if so, the date;

        (4)    Specify if the property is to be repaired, reconditioned, remodeled, demolished, placed in a sanitary condition, or made to conform to the occupancy requirements of this code;

        (5)    State a time for the commencement of such work and a reasonable period of time for the completion of such work.

    (b)    Such notice shall be served as directed by PM-107.2.

PM-107.2 Service of Notices: Notices given by the code official under PM-107.1 and PM-107.5 shall be served either by personal service or by certified mail, return receipt requested. If service cannot be obtained by either of these methods of service then service may be had by publication in an official newspaper of general circulation in the City of Columbia, Missouri, once a week for three (3) consecutive weeks, the first publication to be at least twenty-one (21) days from the date of the hearing set out in the notice.

PM-107.3 Vacating a Structure: Any structure determined by the code official to be a structure unfit for human occupancy shall be totally or partially vacated within a reasonable period of time to be determined by the code official if vacation is required by the code official. No structure, or its affected part, ordered vacated by the code official shall again be used or leased for human occupancy by any occupant or owner until written approval is secured from the code official.

PM-107.4 Failure to Comply With Notice of Violation: Upon failure of the parties to the action to commence the work specified within the time specified by the notice of violation issued by the code official under PM-107.1 or upon failure to proceed continuously with the work without unnecessary delay in order to complete the work within the specified period of time, the director may call and have a full and adequate hearing upon the matter.

PM-107.5 Notice of Hearing:

    (a)    Whenever the director calls a hearing under PM-107.4, he shall give at least twenty-one (21) days notice to the owner, occupant, lessee, mortgagee, agent and all other persons having an interest in the structure or premises as shown by the land records of the county recorder of deeds. Such notice shall:

        (1)    Be in writing; include a description of the property sufficient for identification;

        (2)    State the time, date and place of hearing;

        (3)    State who shall preside at the hearing;

        (4)    State the notice is being given pursuant to this section.

    (b)    The notice shall be served as directed by PM-107.2.

PM-107.6 Hearing Procedure: The director shall preside over the hearing and shall cause the hearing to be suitably recorded and preserved. Any party may have a copy of all or any part of the record upon payment of a reasonable charge for reproduction. All parties must make oral entry of appearance for the benefit of the record. Oral evidence shall be taken only on oath or affirmation. Any party may be represented by counsel. All parties shall be given a full and adequate opportunity to be heard. Hearings need not be conducted according to the technical rules relating to evidence and witnesses.

PM-107.7 Order of Director: After a hearing under PM-107.6, if the evidence supports a finding that the structure is a structure unfit for human occupancy or dangerous building constituting a public nuisance and detrimental to the health, safety or welfare of the residents of the city, the director shall make written and specific findings of fact based upon competent and substantial evidence, which show the structure to be a structure unfit for human occupancy or dangerous building constituting a public nuisance and detrimental to the health, safety or welfare of the residents of the city, and he shall order the structure to be repaired, reconditioned, remodeled, totally or partially vacated, demolished, placed in a sanitary condition or made to conform to the occupancy requirements of this code. If the evidence does not support a finding that the structure is a structure unfit for human occupancy or dangerous building, the director shall make written and specific findings of fact, based upon competent and substantial evidence, but no order shall be issued. Immediately upon reaching a decision, the director shall give written notice of his decision by delivering or mailing to each party, or his attorney of record, a copy of the director's findings of fact and order, if any. If notice of the director's decision cannot be obtained by either of these two (2) modes of service, then service may be had by posting a copy of the director's findings of fact and order, if any, upon the affected property.

PM-107.8 Appeal to Building Construction Codes Commission:

    (a)    Within ten (10) days of the date of the order of the director, as provided by PM-107.7, an aggrieved party may appeal to the Building Construction Codes Commission where it is alleged there is an error in the order, requirement, decision or determination made by the director. Such appeal shall be in writing and shall specify with particularity that part of the order complained of.

    (b)     Filing and hearing procedures shall be in accordance with section PM-111.1.

    (c)    An appeal stays all proceedings in furtherance of the action appealed from, unless the director from whom the appeal is taken certifies to the commission that to stay the proceedings would, in his opinion, cause imminent peril to life or property. In such case, proceedings shall not be stayed unless a restraining order is granted by a court of competent jurisdiction.

PM-107.9 Special Tax Bills: If the work or act ordered by the director under PM-107.7 is not done within the time as stated in the order, and if no appeals of the order are pending, the director may certify such fact to the city council. The city council shall consider such certified facts and may order the director to do the work or act or have it done and submit the actual cost of performance including administrative costs, to the owner of the property. The city council may also direct that if the charge is not paid within thirty (30) days of receipt, the director shall certify the actual cost of performance, including administrative costs to the director of finance, who shall cause a special tax bill against the property to be prepared and collected. At the request of the taxpayer the tax bill may be paid in installments over a period of not more than ten (10) years. If any installment is not paid when due, the balance of the tax bill shall be then due and payable in full, together with all accrued interest. The tax bill from date of issuance shall be a personal debt against the property owner and shall also be a lien on the property until paid. Tax bills issued pursuant to this section shall bear interest from the date of issuance at the rate often (10) percent per annum for the first two (2) years and twelve (12) percent per annum thereafter.

PM-107.10 Emergency Power: Notwithstanding any other section of this code, in any case where, in the opinion of the director, it reasonably appears there is an immediate danger to the health, safety or welfare of any person, the director may take or order emergency action to vacate and repair or demolish any structure. The actual cost of performance shall be collected as provided by PM-107.9.

PM-107.11 Judicial Actions Authorized: In case any order under PM-107.7 or PM-107.10 is not immediately complied with, the director may request the city counselor to institute an appropriate judicial action to compel compliance with this code.

PM-108.1.1 Dangerous Buildings or Structures:

    (a)    All buildings or structures which have any or all of the following defects are hereby declared to be dangerous buildings.

        (1)    Those buildings whose interior walls or other vertical structural members list, lean or buckle to such an extent that a plumb line passing through the center of gravity falls outside of the middle third of its base.

        (2)    Those buildings which, exclusive of the foundation, show thirty-three percent (33%) or more of damage or deterioration of the supporting member or members, or fifty percent (50%) of damage or deterioration of the non-supporting enclosing or outside walls or covering.

        (3)    Those buildings which have improperly distributed loads upon the floors or roofs or in which the same are overloaded, or which have insufficient strength to be reasonably safe for the purpose used.

        (4)    Those buildings which have been damaged by fire, wind or other causes so as to have become dangerous to life, safety, health or welfare of the occupants or the residents of the City of Columbia, Missouri.

        (5)    Those buildings which are so dilapidated or decayed that they are a danger to the life, safety, health or welfare of the occupants or the residents of the City of Columbia, Missouri.

        (6)    Those buildings having inadequate facilities for egress in case of fire or panic or those having insufficient stairways, elevators, fire escapes, or other means of communication.

        (7)    Those buildings which have parts thereof which are so attached that they may fall and injure members of the public or property.

        (8)    Those buildings, walls or structures which exist in violation of any provision of the Building Code of the City of Columbia, Missouri, or any provision of the Fire Prevention Code or other ordinances of the City of Columbia, Missouri and which are a danger to the life, safety, health or welfare of the occupants or the residents of the City of Columbia, Missouri.

PM-108.1.5 Standards: The following standards shall be followed by the code official and the director in ordering repair, reconditioning, remodeling, total or partial vacation, demolition, cleaning, or conformity to the occupancy requirements of this code of structures unfit for human occupancy or dangerous buildings.

    (1)    If the structure unfit for human occupancy or dangerous building can be reasonably repaired, reconditioned or remodeled so that it will no longer exist in violation of this code it shall be ordered repaired, reconditioned, remodeled or totally or partially vacated.

    (2)    If the structure unfit for human occupancy of dangerous building is in such condition as to make it dangerous to the health, safety or general welfare of its occupants or any other person it shall be ordered totally or partially vacated, repaired, reconditioned, remodeled or demolished.

    (3)    In any case where a structure unfit for human occupancy or dangerous building is fifty (50) percent damaged, decayed, or deteriorated from its original value or structure, it shall be vacated, repaired, reconditioned or remodeled and in all cases where a structure unfit for human occupancy or dangerous building is not or cannot be repaired, reconditioned or remodeled so that it will no longer exist in violation of the requirements of this code, it shall be demolished.

    (4)    In all cases where a dangerous building is a fire hazard existing or erected in violation of the terms of this code or any ordinance of the City of Columbia, Missouri, or statute of the State of Missouri, it shall be demolished.

    (5)    If a structure unfit for human occupancy constitutes a hazard to the safety, health or welfare of its occupants or of any person because it lacks sanitary facilities and equipment or is otherwise unsanitary because of an accumulation of garbage or trash or because of infestation, it shall either be placed in a clean and sanitary condition, vacated or demolished.

PM-108.4 Placarding: Any structure determined by the code official to be a structure unfit for human occupancy or dangerous building may be posted with a placard by the code official. The placard shall include the following information in the form prescribed by the director: Name of city; name and address of the director; section of this code violated; if required to be vacated, an order that the structure, or its affected part, must remain vacated until the violations are corrected and the order to vacate is withdrawn by the building inspector; date the placard is posted; and a statement of the penalty for defacing or removing the placard.

PM-108.6 Removal of Placard: No person shall deface or remove any placard posted by the code official pursuant to PM-108.4, except by written authority from the code official.

PM-109.2.1 Time Limit: In the event an order is issued to board-up the openings of a structure out of compliance with this code, the structure shall be brought into compliance, and the structure shall not remain boarded-up longer than 180 days from the date of the notice.

PM-111.1 Application for Appeal: Application for appeal, as provided by PM-107.8, shall be filed in accordance with the procedures set out in Section 121.0 of the BOCA National Building Code/1996 as amended by Section 6-17 of the Code of Ordinances.

PM-111.2 through PM-111.7: Delete

PM-202.0 GENERAL DEFINITIONS: Add the following definitions:

Rooming House: A building arranged or occupied for lodging, with or without meals, for compensation and not occupied as a one-family dwelling or a two-family dwelling. This definition shall also include the housing provided by fraternities and sororities organized for students of any college or university; however, a hotel, motor hotel or motel licensed under state statute shall not be deemed a rooming house for the purposes of this article.

Director: The director of public works.

Family: The definition of "family" in chapter 29 shall apply to this code.

Structure: That which is built or constructed or a portion thereof. This definition shall include manufactured housing.

Structure Unfit for Human Occupancy: Any structure which, if occupied, would constitute a hazard to the safety, health, or welfare of the occupants because it lacks maintenance; is in disrepair, is unsanitary, vermin-infested or rodent-infested; lacks sanitary facilities or equipment; or otherwise fails to comply with the minimum provisions of this article, but has not yet reached such state of disrepair as to be a dangerous building.

PM-303.4: Delete in its entirety.

PM-304.5 Street Numbers. Each structure to which a street number has been assigned shall have such number displayed in a position easily observed and readable from the public right-of-way. All numbers shall be in Arabic numerals at least 2 inches high and 1/2-inch stroke.

PM-304.5 Foundation Walls: All foundation walls shall be maintained plumb and free from open cracks and breaks and shall be kept in such condition so as to prevent the entry of rats. All cracks that permit the entry of water, insects, or rats or jeopardize the support of the structure shall be repaired. Small cracks that do not exhibit these problems shall not be required to be repaired.

PM-304.6 Exterior Walls: All exterior walls shall be free from holes, breaks, loose or rotting materials; and all exterior surfaces shall be painted, stained, or sealed so that the surface is not exposed to the elements.

PM-304.15 Insect Screens: During the period from April first to October fifteenth, every door, window and other outside opening utilized or required for ventilation purposes serving any structure containing habitable rooms, food preparation areas, food service areas, or any areas where products to be included or utilized in food for human consumption are processed, manufactured, packaged or stored, shall be supplied with approved tightly fitting screens of not less than 16 mesh per inch and every swinging door shall have a self-closing device in good working condition.

Exception #1: Screen doors shall not be required for out-swinging doors or other types of openings which make screening impractical, provided other approved means, such as air curtains or insect repellent fans are employed.

Exception #2: Screening is not required for air conditioned spaces.

Exception #3: Screen doors are not required where there is at least one screened window in the room where the exterior door is located.

PM-305.4 Lead-Based Paint: Delete.

PM-306.3.1.1 Exception: In one and two-family residences the tenant shall provide a leak proof, covered, outside garbage container if there is no food waste grinder or incinerator.

PM-404.2.1 Exception: Structures and premises that had a current certificate of compliance during the three (3) year inspection cycle prior to January l, 1993, may have a mechanical ventilation system that exhausts air into the attic space provided the attic space has adequate ventilation.

PM-405.8.1 Exception: Structures and premises that had a current certificate of compliance during the three (3) year inspection cycle prior to January 1, 1993, shall have a minimum ceiling height of 6'6" for laundry areas, bathrooms, toilet room and corridors serving only these areas.

PM-503.2.1 Exception: Fraternities or sororities shall have at least one toilet, one lavatory basin, and one bathtub or shower, in good working condition and properly connected to water and sewer systems approved by the code official for each eight (8) persons residing within a fraternity or sorority.

PM-602.2.1 Heat Supply: Every owner and operator of any building who rents, leases or lets one or more dwelling unit, rooming unit, dormitory or guest room on terms, either express or implied, to furnish heat to the occupants thereof shall supply sufficient heat during the period from September 1 to June 1 to maintain the room temperatures specified in Section PM-602.2 during the hours between 6:30 a.m. and 10:30 p.m. of each day and not less than 60 degrees F. (16 degrees C.) during other hours.

PM-602.3 Nonresidential Structures: Every enclosed occupied work space shall be supplied with sufficient heat during the period from September 1 to June 1 to maintain a temperature of not less than 65 degrees F. (18 degrees C.) during all working hours.

Exceptions:

    1.    Processing, storage and operation areas that require cooling or special temperature conditions.

    2.    Areas in which persons are primarily engage in vigorous physical activities.

PM-702.3 Number of Exits: (add exception #5)

    5.    Where any structure has previously received a certificate of compliance or a certificate of occupancy, has been maintained accordingly and complies with the following:

        a.    Smoke detectors shall be installed in all shafts and corridors, if such exist.

        b.    Shaft and corridor smoke detectors shall receive their primary power from the building wiring and when primary power is interrupted, shall receive power from a battery. Wiring shall be permanent and without a disconnecting switch other than those required for overcurrent protection.

        c.    All smoke detectors in shafts and corridors, if such exist, shall be interconnected such that the actuation of one alarm will actuate all the alarms in the shafts and corridors.

        This exception 5 shall not apply to structures that are renovated, remodeled or altered in excess of fifty (50) percent of the current value of the structure.

PM-702.3.1 Number of Exits in Manufactured Housing: Every dwelling unit shall have not less than two (2) doors, or not less than one door and one unobstructed emergency exit. One exit shall be located near the front of the dwelling unit, and one door shall be located near the rear of the dwelling unit. An emergency exit may be substituted for the rear door when the length of the dwelling unit does not permit or is not sufficient for the use of the two (2) doors. Each door or exit shall be supplied with a properly installed lock.

PM-702.6 Corridor Enclosure: (add exception #5)

    5.    Where any structure has previously received a certificate of compliance or a certificate of occupancy, has been maintained accordingly and complies with the following:

        a.    Smoke detectors shall be installed in all shafts and corridors, if such exist.

        b.    Shaft and corridor smoke detectors shall receive their primary power from the building wiring and when primary power is interrupted, shall receive power from a battery. Wiring shall be permanent and without a disconnecting switch other than those required for overcurrent protection.

        c.    All smoke detectors in shafts and corridors, if such exist, shall be interconnected such that the actuation of one alarm will actuate all the alarms in the shafts and corridors.

        This exception 5 shall not apply to structures that are renovated, remodeled or altered in excess of fifty (50) percent of the current value of the structure.

PM-702.9 Stairways, Handrails and Guards: Every exterior and interior flight of stairs having more than four risers, and every open portion of a stair, landing, balcony, porch, deck, ramp or other walking surface which is more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the floor or grade below shall have guards. Handrails shall not be less than 30 inches (762 mm) nor more than 42 inches (1067 mm) high, measured vertically above the nosing of the tread or above the finished floor of the landing or walking surfaces. Guards shall not be less than 30 inches (762 mm) high above the floor of the landing, balcony, porch, deck, ramp or other walking surface. Guards may be constructed of slats in a horizontal, vertical or any other pattern and shall not allow passage of a six (6) inch diameter sphere through any opening.

PM-702.12 Emergency escape: Every sleeping room located in a basement in an occupancy in Use Group I-1 or R shall have at least one openable window or exterior door approved for emergency egress or rescue; or shall have access to not less than two approved independent exits.

Exceptions:

    l.    Buildings equipped throughout with an automatic fire suppression system.

    2.    Structures that have previously received a certificate of compliance or a certificate of occupancy, have been maintained accordingly and comply with the following:

        a.    Smoke detectors shall be installed in all shafts and corridors, if such exist.

        b.    Shaft and corridor smoke detectors shall receive their primary power from the building wiring and when primary power is interrupted, shall receive power from a battery. Wiring shall be permanent and without a disconnecting switch other than those required for overcurrent protection.

        c.    All smoke detectors in shafts and corridors, if such exist, shall be interconnected such that the actuation of one alarm will actuate all the alarms in the shafts and corridors.

        d.    Existing windows in a sleeping room shall not be eliminated.

This exception 2 shall not apply to structures that are renovated, remodeled or altered in excess of fifty (50) percent of the current value of the structure.

PM-705.5.4 Reinspection Fee: A reinspection fee shall not be charged when the only violation of this code is the failure of battery power for the smoke detector.

(Ord. No. 14120 § 1, 7-5-94; Ord. No. 14582 § 1, 8-21-95; Ord. No. 15398, § 1, 10-20-97)