Series 101 2000 ORDINANCES/RESOLUTIONS
Section 101-052 Ord. 16334; Amending Chapter 11 RE: Swimming Pools; Adopting "City of Columbia Guide for Swimming Pool Design and Operation"
Bill No. B 20-00
amending Chapter 11 of the City Code as it relates to swimming pools; adopting the City
Columbia Guide for Swimming Pool Design and Operation; and specifying when this ordinance
shall take effect.
SECTION 1. Chapter 11 of the Code of Ordinances of the
City of Columbia, Missouri, is
amended by repealing Article VIII and enacting a new Article VIII as follows:
ARTICLE VIII. SWIMMING POOLS
Sec. 11-276. Definitions.
The following definitions apply to this article:
Spa. A spa is a swimming pool designed for recreational or therapeutic use of heated water
and not to be drained, cleaned, and refilled for each individual. A spa may include hydrojet
circulation, mineral baths and an air induction system. A pool used under direct supervision of
qualified medical personnel is not a spa.
Swimming pool. Any artificial basin of water which has been wholly designed, modified,
improved, constructed or installed solely for the purpose of swimming, wading or immersion.
Swimming Pools shall be divided into the following classes:
(A) Class A swimming
pool is a swimming pool operated by the city or any other
(B) Class B swimming
pool is a swimming pool operated by a hotel, motel, community
association, apartment complex or similar entity which serves merely as an additional service for
patrons or residents and which is not otherwise classified as Class C.
(C) Class C swimming
pool is a swimming pool that is maintained by a commercial
establishment for which memberships or admissions are sold.
(D) Class D swimming
pool is a private, residential swimming pool or spa.
(E) Class E swimming
pool is a non-residential spa.
(F) Class F swimming
pool is a special purpose pool that has a special use or design such
as a wave pool, wading pool, zero-depth entry pool and pool with a water slide.
Sec. 11-277. Design and operation requirements adopted by reference.
The City of Columbia Guide for Swimming Pool Design and
Operation, 2000 Edition,
adopted by the city council on February 7, 2000, is made a part of this Code as fully as if set
forth in its entirety. Copies of the guide shall remain on file in the office of the city clerk
the office of the director and shall be available for public use, inspection and examination.
Sec. 11-278. Operating permit required; revocation of permit; hearings and appeals.
(a) Every person owning, operating or maintaining a Class
A, B, C, E or F swimming pool in
the city of Columbia shall be required to hold a valid operating permit from the health
department. The permit will be issued annually upon application and after certification by the
health department that all requirements of this article and the rules and regulations of the health
department regarding safety and sanitation have been complied with.
(b) If the application for an operating permit is denied, the
health department shall notify the
applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial and of the right to appeal. The applicant,
ten days of the denial of the permit, may appeal the denial by filing a written request for a
hearing before the director.
(c) If the director determines that a
violation of this article or a rule or regulation established
under this article is a substantial health or safety hazard, the director may immediately revoke the
operating permit and all use of the swimming pool shall be immediately discontinued. Any
person to whom such an order is issued shall comply immediately, but upon written petition to
the director, shall be afforded a hearing on the revocation within five days.
(d) Any person whose permit has been
revoked, may, at any time, make application for
reinspection for the purpose of reinstatement of the permit. Within five business days following
the receipt of a written request, the swimming pool shall be reinspected. If the swimming pool
in compliance with the requirements of this article and the rules and regulation established under
this article, the permit shall be reinstated.
(e) The hearings provided for in this
section shall be conducted by the director in accordance
with the requirements of Chapter 536, Revised Statutes of Missouri. Appeals may be made to the
circuit court in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 536, Revised Statutes of Missouri.
Sec. 11-279. Health and safety requirements.
Removable ladders. A Class D pool which is designed with a removable ladder shall
have the ladder removed when the pool is unattended. A Class D pool which has a safety ladder
designed to swing upward and lock into place shall be locked into place when the pool is
Closing inspection. All Class A, B, C, E and F pools shall have a closing inspection for
off season safety considerations.
Lifeguard. Each Class A, C and F swimming pool shall have at least one lifeguard on
duty. The total number of lifeguards shall be based on anticipated usage and design
characteristics. Lifeguard requirements for Class C pools shall not apply for lap swimming,
athletic competition, organized classes and for other activities specified by the director which are
supervised by appropriate staff members. Lifeguards shall have completed a nationally
recognized lifeguarding course. All lifeguards or instructors on duty must be physically able
fit to rescue any bather in danger of drowning. Lifeguards shall be in the pool area when the pool
is open to persons other than residents of a hotel, motel, apartment building or multiple-family
Rules of conduct. Each Class A, B, C, E and F swimming pool shall have posted rules
for the conduct of bathers to minimize danger of injury to persons using the pool. All such rules
shall be approved by the health department.
Swim at Own Risk sign. Each Class B swimming pool shall, when a lifeguard is not
duty, have conspicuously posted at the entrances to the pool a sign with letters not less than two
inches in height reading No Lifeguard on Duty - Swim at Own Risk.
Toilet and Shower Facilities. Each person owning or operating a Class C pool shall
provide toilet and shower facilities for nonresident swimming pool users.
Sec. 11-280. Powers and duties of the director.
(a) The director of health services shall have the authority
to make rules and regulations to
ensure safe and sanitary operation of swimming pools. The health department shall inspect all
class A, B, C, E and F swimming pools regularly. If a swimming pool owner or operator does not
consent to a health department inspection of the swimming pool facilities, the health department
code enforcement official shall make application for a warrant pursuant to chapter 15 of this
(b) The director may permit other protective devices or
structures to be used instead of the
fencing, gates, doors and latches required by this article if the degree of protection afforded by
the substitute devices or structures is not less than the protection afforded by the fence, gate, door
and latch required by this article.
Sec. 11-281. Penalty.
Any person who violates any provision of this article or of the City of Columbia Guide
Swimming Pool Design and Operation shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of
not more than $500 or by imprisonment not exceeding three months or by both such fine and
imprisonment. Each day that a violation continues is a separate offense.
SECTION 2. The City Council adopts the City of Columbia
Guide for Swimming Pool
Design and Operation, 2000 Edition, a copy of which, marked Exhibit A, is attached
SECTION 3. This ordinance shall be in full force and effect
from and after its passage.
PASSED this ______ day of ______________________________,