- Dress for the heat. Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing. Wear a hat or use an umbrella.
- Drink water. Carry water or juice with you and drink continuously even if you do not feel thirsty. Avoid alcohol and caffeine.
- Eat small meals and eat more often. Stay in doors when possible.
- Take regular breaks. If engaged in physical activity on warm days, stop activity and find a cool place.
- Heat Cramps: Heat cramps are muscular pains and spasms due to heavy exertion. They usually involve the abdominal muscles or legs.
- Heat Exhaustion: Heat exhaustion is less dangerous than heat stroke. It typically occurs when people exercise heavily or work in a warm, humid place where body fluids are lost through heavy sweating. Signs to watch for include cool, moist, pale, flushed or red skin, heavy sweating, headache, nausea or vomiting, dizziness, and exhaustion. Body temperature will be near normal.
- Heat stroke: Also known as sunstroke, heat stroke is life threatening. Symptoms include: hot, red and dry skin, changes in consciousness, rapid weak pulse, and rapid/shallow breathing.
- Get the person to a cooler place and have him/her rest in a comfortable position.
- If the person is fully awake and alert give ½ glass of water every 15 minutes, drink slowly. No liquids with alcohol or caffeine.
- Remove or loosen tight clothing and apply cool, wet cloths.
- Call 9-1-1 if the person refuses water, vomits or loses consciousness.
Each location listed below is a designated COOLing Center. When a heat advisory is issued for Columbia/Boone County residents may seek indoor air conditioned shelter from extreme temperatures. COOLing Centers are open during the regular business hours of each location and only during the time that a heat advisory is issued. All COOLing Centers are located on the Columbia Transit bus routes.
| Activity & Recreation Center (ARC)
|| 1701 W. Ash Street
|Armory Sports and Community Center
|| 701 E. Ash
|Columbia Public Library
||100 W. Broadway
||2300 Bernadette Dr.
|| Green and Blue
|Columbia/Boone County Health Dept.
||1005 W. Worley
|Columbia Parks and Recreation office
||601 Business Loop 70
|Oakland Senior Center
||1301 Vandiver Dr. Ste. Q
||1201 Paquin Street
Updated information on heat advisories issued for this area, COOLing Center locations, and ways to avoid dangerous heat related illnesses are also available by calling the heat hotline at 573-874-7355.